Léonardo da Vinci. 





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Léonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519).

He is a painter, draughtsman, sculptor, architect, engineer and scientist.

Universal genius it touches with all the disciplines and incarne the ideal of its time. With Raphaël and Michel-Angel it is one of the central figures of the European Rebirth.

Born in a borough which bears its name meadows of Florence, he is the natural son of a notary. Its education is looked after enough, grammar, calculation, and a little Latin. About 1467 it enters to the workshop of Verrocchio where it receives a complete training of painter and architect.

Its first personal work is gone back to approximately 1473. With the end of 1470 it begins an independent career and is seen entrusting to Florence of many work including one great part remains unfinished. Its first great order is Cavallo, an equestrian statue for the duke of Milan.

The tables of Léonard de Vinci are often preceded by many drawings and drafts. He uses at that time of the compositions in the shape of pyramid with Marie in the center, the fabrics are illuminated of a gleam which lights the world.

About 1480 one sees appearing the " sfumato ", very characteristic of Léonard, it acts of a light, undecided veil, similar to smoke which covers and softens the forms. The portrait of the lady in Hermine (Cécilia Grallerani) is painted in the style of the time, contours are clearly indicated. If Mona LISA or the Mona Lisa remains the most known table of Léonard de Vinci of other less universal works testify as much to its genius like the Virgin in the Rocks and Sainte Anne, the Virgin and the Jesus Child. The characters diffuse a radiation and there is a true harmony between their calms impressing and the promptness of their attitudes. Moreover pictorial space seems three-dimensional. Much more than of other artists of his time Léonard de Vinci considered the fundamental question to be it and of its demonstrations by largely exceeding the borders of art. One knows of him that it was interested in the cast iron of the guns, the central heating, the human anatomy, geology, botany, hydraulics, optics… it also studied the flight of the birds and the mechanical processes to reproduce it. Its scientific work is often revolutionists and its theoretical writings on art have a great range.

For Léonard the sight is the noblest direction, it writes in its Treaty on painting that for him: " to see with the eyes is the same thing as to see with the spirit ".