Vincent Van Gogh.
The Red Vineyard. November 1888.
This work is interesting in more than one way: initially it is the only painting which Vincent publicly sold of alive sound.
It is about the grape harvest in the countryside of Arles, in Trébon, the North of Arles.
The red Vineyard was exposed to the Annual show of the group of the XX in 1890 in Brussels. It was sold there for the sum of 400 francs in Anna Boch, painter impressionist member of the XX. Then, with regard to the colors, in Arles, Vincent seeks the limits. Let us tons are very luminous, contrasts are violent one, so much provocants which one moves away from impressionism and which one approaches the fauvism where the color is not any more that of nature but a random color, selected for its esthetic and disconcerting effect. For the fauvist the color becomes a weapon and almost the single topic of work. The fauvist saw this painying of Van Gogh and 13 years later they are seized by a kind of fright, already perceptible here, and they stick only to the orchestration of the pure colors and surfaces on the picture. Vincent did not simply open the way with the expressionnists but also with the fauvism, there is in germ in this work of 1888 the paintings of 1905 exposed to the living room of autumn of Paris by Matisse, Derain and Vlaminck. This train thus left Arles under the knife of Vincent…
The horizon is located on one the higher third of the picture. The point of view of the spectator is lower, on the level of the vintagers. Initially the glance tends to go down.
The characters are located on the tension fields near the natural points of interest.
The picture is divided into zone color like later at Cezanne. In Top and on the right of the yellow, with a small blue zone in top on the left. In the center the hottest colors: reds, oranges, gilded, pink. In bottom of blue with a small red zone in bottom and on the right like the blue top.
More the share of the guiding lines are rising. Work is built on the large rising diagonal from left to right.
Being detached in front of a yellow sky the sun seems to diffuse the reds and the orange ones which color all the painting.
This line of trees to the background has red trunks, which is not very probable but which results from a deliberate choice of the artist.
One can see the stakes of black color. Work was painted in November and often the vineleaves are coloured of red in this period but there remains always a little yellow and green, which here, were voluntarily forgotten.
Light: The sun lights from top to bottom the scene and clearness, rather intense, comes from the right-hand side.
Harmonize and contrasts : The carryforward of the colors used to work out the painting on the chromatic circle indicates a violent one contrasts between hot and cold colors and complementary colors.
Similars Paintings :
Vincent Van Gogh. The Night Cafe in the Place Lamartine in Arles (1888) .
Vincent Van Gogh. Unloading of Coal. (1888).
Vincent Van Gogh. Camping of Gipsies. (1888).