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Futurism (1910).

Futurism is an artistic and literary movement beginning of the XXe century which was born in Italy, then was adopted very quickly by the Russian avant-garde, whose aesthetic innovations and the radical claims marked the modern art deeply. The futuristic ones declare a true war with the nostalgia of last being incarnant in the museums and being based on out of date traditions and values. Contrary, they speak in praise of the modern world and its demonstrations more seizing: the movement and the speed which are expressed through the action of the machines, the cars, the frenzy of the urban life, the metropolises, artificial lights… In the pictorial field, these ideas will be relayed by Giacomo Balla, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Luigi Russolo, Gino Severini which publish in Turin, February 11, 1910, the Proclamation of the futuristic painters. Following their first exposure in Paris organized with the Bernheim gallery in February 1912, the futuristic painters adopt the geometrisation cubist to return the dynamism of the tension fields which cross their compositions. Movement of total reform of all arts and all the forms of expression, futurism touches also architecture (Antonio Sant Elia). Attracted by the vision subversive of the Italian movement, the Russian artists develop clean tendencies, mixing primitivists influences and cubists, illustrated in the visual arts by paintings of Kazimir Malevitch which is indicated " cubo-futuristic " in 1913, and by works of Lioubov Popova or Olga Rozanova.