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Johan August Malmstrom. Dancing Fairies (1866).

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Johan August Malmstrom (1829 - 1901). Dancing Fairies. (1866).

Johan August Malmstrom is a Swedish painter. He becomes professor with the Swedish academy of arts in 1867 until 1894 then directing between 1887 and 1893. Attracted by the gothic it takes as a starting point the topics of Scandinavian mythology. It is also known for its landscapes with children. The fairies are supernatural creatures, generally female, of human appearance. In the imaginary popular one, the fairies live in a hidden dimension of the world of human, they appreciate the natural places such as the hills, the trees, the waterways, the lakes. In the literature the fairy is a rather ambiguous character. Sensitive, capricious, likely, she likes to be treated with respect. Good generally, the fairy can also become an evil creature (the fairy Carabossa). 
The point of view of the observer is located on the horizon. In lower part is held the dance of the fairies. 
The higher third of the painting is reserved for the sky. The dance of the fairies is on the lower tension field between 2 natural points of interest. 
One clearly distinguishes the sky, water and nature. The ballet of the fairies occurs in the middle of water. This point is the reflection of the sun in the river. 
The dance of the fairies is a round. Even if the direction of the round changes according to the site. There is well this feeling which emerges like that from gushing from water. 
In this zone the body of the fairies is quite visible within the vaporous cloud. Some are on the back, others seem to speak… 

This fairy seems to want to plunge in water or to still dialog with another fairy in the river. 
Here the principal zone of gushing. The fairies seem to emerge from water and to be rolled up in a round air, celestial and ethereal but immaterial. 
Light : The rising sun or setting is the source of the light. Its reflections in water seem to be the source of the round of the fairies.
Colors : Harmonize and Contrasts. Contrast between hot colors and cold colors.
Similar Paintings :
Frédéric Edwin Church (1826 - 1900). Morning in the Tropics. (1877).
Frederic Church by his almost scientific approach of nature, his objective study of the effects of the light is of a quasi photographic precision. 
In that it is very close to Turner, it is it also by its vaporous effects of fog or fog and by the proximity of water, very concrete in its subjects. 

Frederic Edwin Church (1826 - 1900). The Lake Katahdin. (1850).
One finds in the painters Hudson River School the same composition and the same treatment of the light. With always as well sure the presence of water.