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Constructivism. (1914)

The constructivism is current painting and abstract sculpture aiming at creating an esthetics adapted to our technological world, by using forms, especially geometrical, based on mathematical principles. Works are stripped of objective contents and subjective expression. Only determine the composition the formal elements "technical" and their relation with the environment. The artist often limits himself to the primary colors and adopts a voluntarily impersonal invoice. The graphic elements hold a significant place. This movement was born in Russia about 1914, in particular under the impulse of Tatline. To express technological rationalism Tatline uses " nonartistic " materials. To qualify its work it has the first used the term " constructivism ". The thought constructivist animates the movement De Stijl represented by Piet Mondrian and Théo van Doesburg. While Mondrian "builds" its tables from a network of verticals and the horizontal ones, Van Doesburg introduces a dynamic component by emphasizing the diagonals. The juxtaposition of the angular colors plans definitely delimited constitutes the common denominator of all the painters constructivists, since the beginning of the movement in Russia to the American painters of after war who began again and widened the concept of constructivism. Amongst other things: AD Reinhardt, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Antonio Calderara et al. Held. In Europe it is necessary to quote Moholy-Nagy, max Bill and Victor Vasarely who opened the way with the Op Art.