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Van Gogh




Vincent Van Gogh. The Cafe Terrace, at Night. (1888).




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Vincent Van Gogh. The Cafe Terrace, at Night. 1888. 80,7 cm × 65,3 cm.
The picture was painted between the 9 and the 16 on September 1888 in Arles. The coffee, which always exists, is located place of the Forum. The name of the coffee was the Terrace, it was then renamed Van Gogh coffee. The table was carried out of night, on the spot. The artist did not place himself in front of the terrace but on with dimensions one. This enables him to have depth of field and to be able to reproduce many details. The paving stones of the street reflect a multiplicity of tons blue, yellow, pink and purple. The sky is that of the Starlight night on the Rhone, painting carried out little time after or of the Starlight night, at the following year. Contrast between yellow oranges of the walls and the lighting and blue of the sky and the frontages is a contrast between complementary, these two primary colors contrast strongly especially that Vincent likes to outrage the color. This produced an almost surreal effect. This banal scene is metamorphosed as if the artist had access to an unknown level of perception. Walk harms it to you with a rest and colors or a camera. Never you will see a coffee terrace with such colors. Then do these colors from which come they ? And what represents truly the artist ?

The point of view is located at the level of the characters. The horizon is low, the sky occupies most of pictorial space.

The terrace of the coffee and the colors with dominant yellow are on the left tension field between 2 natural points of interest. The sky and a group of passers by is on the right tension field, where the dominant color is blue. There exists a contrast between the colors but also an opposition of spaces.

The painting is divided into several zones colors which are opposed violently and strongly contrasted. In reality rare are the moments when this opposition is also violent and also fixed. Yellow and blue are never confined in such closed spaces. This gives the impression which the artist seeks to represent a world located in another dimension, beyond apparent reality.

The picture is built on the ascending diagonal. The great zones colors are on the left in almost symmetrical positions. In fact they are opposed but also are answered.
Details :
The lantern with gas from which the light comes is perfectly visible.

The paving stones consist of multiple keys of colors. They reflect the light of the terrace and the blue of the sky.

The characters are simply outlined.

The stars are gold points on white zone. As if it were about a sky of flowers. This manner of stylizing the stars contributes to sublimate, idealize and magnify the sky.

Light : 

The light comes primarily from the lantern with gas of the terrace of the coffee.

Colors : Contrast between complementary colors.

Toiles Similaires : 
Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry night. ((1889). Vincent feels the force which lies in nature, it wants to aspire the spectator in work by this immense sky. The goal is to share the emotion felt vis-a-vis nature. Vincent Van Gogh. The Starry Night on the Rhone. (1888). 
This picture of September 1888 is former to the Starry night painted in the night of the from June 17th to 18th 1889. The painting was painted in Arles on the edges of the Rhone. Work is rather of inspiration impressionist, very contrasted the blue ones of the sky and water are opposed to the yellows and gilded stars and the reflections of the lighting of the city in the river. Especially there are no spirals, only the reflections in water induce a natural deformation.